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Unveiling the Wonders of NBN: How Does the NBN Work?

In the ever-evolving landscape of internet connectivity, Australia’s National Broadband Network (NBN) has emerged as a groundbreaking infrastructure upgrade, answering the demands of today’s data-hungry digital era. In this blog we will delve into the intricate workings of the NBN and explore the underlying technologies, connection types, speed tiers, associated costs, and the relationship between NBN and Wi-Fi.

How Does the NBN Work?

At the core of the NBN’s functionality are four distinct technologies that form the backbone of its expansive network:

1. Optical Fibre

Optical fibre, consisting of thin glass or plastic strands, serves as the primary medium for transmitting data through light pulses. Renowned for its ability to cover long distances without compromising data integrity, optic fibre is the linchpin of how the NBN works, forming the backbone of the network.

2. Pay TV Cable (HFC)

Pay TV Cable, commonly known as Hybrid Fiber Coax (HFC), leverages the existing Pay-TV network infrastructure to deliver high-speed broadband services. Using advanced technology, this method enables the provision of both broadband and telephone services through a cable modem.

3. Fixed Wireless

Fixed wireless represents a more traditional telecommunication format, relying on terrestrial microwave transmissions to relay data from one point to another. This method is particularly beneficial in areas where laying optic fibre may not be practical or cost-effective.

4. Satellite

In remote and hard-to-reach areas where optic fibre and fixed wireless are not feasible, the NBN employs satellite broadband. This involves utilizing satellite dishes to transmit broadband data to homes and businesses, ensuring a comprehensive reach across the diverse Australian landscape.

To optimise the broadband speeds available through the NBN, consideration must be given to the specific needs of homes and businesses. For instance, newly cabled or renovated homes may require upgraded cables strategically placed in a central location to seamlessly connect phones, computers, and wireless devices to a unified system.


Types of NBN Connections

Understanding the various NBN connections is paramount in selecting the most suitable plan for your requirements. Let’s delve into the various connection types and how the NBN works:

1. Fibre to the Node (FTTN)

In FTTN, optical fibre leads to a node in your street or a nearby street, with copper wire extending from the node to your wall socket inside your premises. This connection type strikes a balance between efficiency and cost-effectiveness.

2. Fibre to the Premises (FTTP)

FTTP involves optical fibre leading directly to your premises, connecting to the NBN connection box inside. This type of connection offers unparalleled speed and reliability, making it a preferred choice for those who prioritize high-performance internet.

3. Fibre to the Building (FTTB)

FTTB features optical fibre leading to a node in your building’s communications equipment room. Copper wire then extends to your wall socket inside your premises, making it an ideal choice for apartment complexes and business buildings.

Beyond these, Hybrid Fiber Coax (HFC), fixed wireless, or satellite may be utilized if optical fibre connections are not available for any reason. HFC, as a Pay TV cable, uses the existing Pay-TV network to deliver high-speed broadband services.

The overarching goal of the NBN network is to connect at least 93% of Australian residents, providing them with data transfer speeds of up to 100Mbps. This commitment extends to offering seamless connectivity to citizens, regardless of their location—whether nestled in a bustling city or a secluded rural area.

NBN Speed Tiers

One of the key considerations for NBN users is selecting the appropriate speed tier to match their requirements. NBN plans are offered on four primary speed tiers, with additional options for Fibre to the Premises (FTTP) and HFC customers:

Speed TierMaximum SpeedEvening Speed
NBN 12 (Basic I)12Mbps12Mbps
NBN 25 (Basic II)25Mbps25Mbps
NBN 50 (Standard)50Mbps50Mbps
NBN 100 (Fast)100Mbps90Mbps
NBN 250 (Superfast)250Mbps215Mbps
NBN 1000 (Ultrafast)1000Mbps250Mbps

These speed options cater to diverse user requirements, ensuring flexibility and choice in customising the NBN experience.

NBN Costs

While the installation of the NBN network is generally free, users are required to choose an NBN plan that aligns with their speed preferences and provider preferences. The cost of plans can vary based on the selected speed and the chosen service provider. The dynamic nature of the market means that prices are subject to change, but as a general guide, users can expect to pay between $60 and $100 per month for their connection. Some budget-friendly NBN plans may even fall below the $60 threshold, although users may need to trade off some speed or data allowance for cost savings.

NBN and Wi-Fi: A Dynamic Duo

Contrary to common misconception, NBN and Wi-Fi are not mutually exclusive entities; rather, they work together seamlessly to enhance the overall internet experience. The NBN serves as the underlying network of cables that connects users to the internet via a modem. This modem, in turn, generates a Wi-Fi signal, facilitating wireless connectivity for a myriad of devices within the household.

The integration of NBN and Wi-Fi ensures that users can enjoy the benefits of high-speed internet not only through wired connections but also wirelessly, providing a versatile and convenient solution for the diverse needs of today’s digital households.

In conclusion, navigating the NBN landscape involves understanding its underlying technologies, connection types, speed options, costs, and the dynamic interplay with Wi-Fi. The NBN represents a pivotal step forward in ensuring that Australians, regardless of their geographical location, have access to reliable, high-speed internet services.

For those embarking on the journey of selecting an NBN plan, it’s advisable to consider factors such as desired speed, usage patterns, and budget constraints. To receive personalised guidance and support in navigating the intricacies of the NBN, individuals and businesses can reach out to our friendly team today to find out exactly how the NBN works.

Call us on 1300 001 958 or an email at, our team is ready to assist in unlocking the wonders of the NBN and elevating the overall  internet experience for you.

Quick Reference FAQs:

How Does the NBN Work?

  • The NBN works through a combination of optical fibre, Pay TV Cable (HFC), fixed wireless, and satellite technologies. These technologies form a robust network designed to deliver high-speed internet to homes and businesses.

What Are the Types of NBN Connections?

  • NBN connections include Fibre to the Node (FTTN), Fibre to the Premises (FTTP), Fibre to the Building (FTTB), as well as HFC, fixed wireless, and satellite options. Each connection type caters.

How fast is the NBN?

  • Depending on your plan, speeds can vary from 12Mbps to 1000Mbps.

How much does the NBN cost?

  • Users can expect to pay between $60 and $100 per month for their connection.